Assessing Nicotine Dependence
The Fagerström* Test for Nicotine Dependence is a standard instrument for assessing the intensity of physical dependence on nicotine
This test should be used only as a guidance; it is not a substitute for professional medical advice.
*Source: Heatherton TF, Kozlowski LT, Frecker RC, Fagerström KO. The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence: a revision of the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire. Br J Addict. 1991;86:1119–27.